The amount of compensatory sweating depends on the patient, the damage that the white rami communicans incurs, and the amount of cell body reorganization in the spinal cord after surgery.
Other potential complications include inadequate resection of the ganglia, gustatory sweating, pneumothorax, cardiac dysfunction, post-operative pain, and finally Horner’s syndrome secondary to resection of the stellate ganglion.

After severing the cervical sympathetic trunk, the cells of the cervical sympathetic ganglion undergo transneuronic degeneration
After severing the sympathetic trunk, the cells of its origin undergo complete disintegration within a year.

Spinal cord infarction occurring during thoraco-lumbar sympathectomy
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1963;26:418-421 doi:10.1136/jnnp.26.5.418

Saturday, May 26, 2012

75% pneumothorax expected after sympathectomy

A small insignificant pneumothorax can be expected after ETS in about 75% of cases [15], which gets spontaneously absorbed, usually within 24 h.

Comparing T2 and T2–T3 ablation in thoracoscopic sympathectomy for palmar hyperhidrosis: a randomized control trial
A. N. Katara, J. P. Domino, W.-K. Cheah, J. B. So, C. Ning, D. Lomanto
Minimally Invasive Surgical Centre, Department of General Surgery, National University Hospital, 5 Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore, 119074
Received: 13 October 2006/Accepted: 2 November 2006

Permanent side effects included compensatory sweating in 67.4%, gustatory sweating in 50.7% and Horner's trias in 2.5%. However, patient satisfaction declined over time, although only 1.5% recurred. This left only 66.7% satisfied, and a 26.7% partially satisfied. Compensatory and gustatory sweating were the most frequently stated reasons for dissatisfaction. Individuals operated for axillary hyperhidrosis without palmar involvement were significantly less satisfied (33.3% and 46.2%, respectively).

Monday, May 21, 2012

sympathectomy improves skin blood flow at the thermoregulatory but not the nutritive level of skin microcirculation

sympathectomy improves skin blood flow at the thermoregulatory but not the nutritive level of skin microcirculation. This may be related to the fact that the thermoregulatory vessels are mainly sympathetically controlled, whereas the nutritive capillaries are mainly controlled by local (nonneural) factors.

Depending on the series and the duration of follow-up, the success rate of sympathectomy varies from 12% to 97%

Sunday, May 20, 2012

typical CRPS changes also occur following sympathectomy, which has traditionally been considered curative of CRPS


Handbook of Neurosurgery

Front Cover
Thieme, 22/02/2010 - 1352 pages
For two decades, Handbook of Neurosurgery -- now in a fully updated seventh edition -- has been an invaluable companion for every neurosurgery resident and nurse, as well as neurologists and others involved in the care of patients with brain and spine disorders.

Sympathectomy has been discredited in this condition

Vasospastic conditions

Raynaud’s syndrome

Drug warning - Karvezide, AVAPRO HCT - 'you must tell your doctor if you have had sympathectomy'

Tell your doctor if:

* you have had a sympathectomy

* you have been taking diuretics

*you have a history of allergy or asthma

2. Before you start to take AVAPRO HCT

Tell your doctor if:
  • you suffer from any medical conditions especially-
    - kidney problems, or have had a kidney transplant or dialysis
    - heart problems
    - liver problems, or have had liver problems in the past
    - diabetes
    - gout or have had gout in the past
    - lupus erythematosus
    - high or low levels of potassium or sodium or other electrolytes in your blood
    - primary aldosteronism
  • you are strictly restricting your salt intake
  • you are lactose intolerant or have had any allergies to any other medicine or any other substances, such as foods, preservatives or dyes.
  • have had a sympathectomy
  • you have been taking diuretics
  • you have a history of allergy or asthma

Published by MIMS/myDr March 2011
UBM Medica Australia uses its best endeavours to ensure that at the time of publishing, as indicated on the publishing date for each resource (e.g. Published by MIMS/myDr January 2007), the CMI provided was complete to the best of UBM Medica Australia's knowledge.