The amount of compensatory sweating depends on the patient, the damage that the white rami communicans incurs, and the amount of cell body reorganization in the spinal cord after surgery.
Other potential complications include inadequate resection of the ganglia, gustatory sweating, pneumothorax, cardiac dysfunction, post-operative pain, and finally Horner’s syndrome secondary to resection of the stellate ganglion.

After severing the cervical sympathetic trunk, the cells of the cervical sympathetic ganglion undergo transneuronic degeneration
After severing the sympathetic trunk, the cells of its origin undergo complete disintegration within a year.

Spinal cord infarction occurring during thoraco-lumbar sympathectomy
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1963;26:418-421 doi:10.1136/jnnp.26.5.418

Thursday, February 27, 2014

Sympathectomy (ETS) a psychosurgery?

Financial Review - News Store: "It's not unusual to hear people who have undergone sympathectomies describe themselves as feeling emotionally "colder" than before. Among psychologists and neurologists alike there is concern, but no evidence, that the procedure limits alertness and arousal as well as fear, and might affect memory, empathy and mental performance. Professor Ronald Rapee, the director of the Centre of Emotional Health at Sydney's Macquarie University, says he's counselled several people who complain of feeling "robot-like" in the long-term wake of the operation. "They're happy they no longer blush, but they miss the highs and lows they used to feel.""

'via Blog this'

Dr. Telaranta treating fear, stuttering, stage fright, blushing with sympathectomy. Is ETS a psychosurgery?

Dr. Telaranta | Blog by Dr. Telaranta: "As a treatment, sympathetic blocking could be effective. Fortunately one can test whether it’ll have an effect, to a pretty high level of certainty, by first administering a temporary block t. Sympathetic block is usually effective in reducing all types of fear, why not also in reducing the fear of stuttering.

Sympathetic block typically has the highest likelihood of effective results on both schizophrenia and tremor when fear or anxiety plays a significant part in the onset of symptoms. It is also very effective in treating social phobia, stage fright and blushing. A stage fright-like fear of public presentations is likely common amongst those who stutter."

Wednesday, February 26, 2014

sympathectomy is based on such anecdotal observation and small case studies which have failed to stand up to scientific scrutiny

Clinical trials do exist and their inability to demonstrate effectiveness suggests an obvious conclusion: the argument for sympathectomy, by chemical or surgical means, is based on such anecdotal observation and small case studies which have failed to stand up to scientific scrutiny. To date there are no reproducible, blinded, randomized studies utilizing control populations which have demonstrated a benefit to sympathetic blockade in CRPS.

DISABILITY MEDICINE, The Official Periodical of the American Board of Independent Examiners,
Vol. 5 No. 3-4 July - December 2005