The amount of compensatory sweating depends on the patient, the damage that the white rami communicans incurs, and the amount of cell body reorganization in the spinal cord after surgery.
Other potential complications include inadequate resection of the ganglia, gustatory sweating, pneumothorax, cardiac dysfunction, post-operative pain, and finally Horner’s syndrome secondary to resection of the stellate ganglion.

After severing the cervical sympathetic trunk, the cells of the cervical sympathetic ganglion undergo transneuronic degeneration
After severing the sympathetic trunk, the cells of its origin undergo complete disintegration within a year.

Spinal cord infarction occurring during thoraco-lumbar sympathectomy
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1963;26:418-421 doi:10.1136/jnnp.26.5.418

Friday, July 6, 2012

Sympathectomy or doxazosin, but not propranolol, blunt myocardial interstitial fibrosis

surgical and chemical sympathectomy can both modulate bone cell function

It is known that surgical and chemical sympathectomy can both modulate bone cell function.  However, the sympathetic
nervous system (SNS) can give rise to both anabolic and catabolic effects [28-31] and its role in regulating bone remodeling is, therefore, controversial. For example, some researches reported that if bone is deprived of its sympathetic innervation, bone
deposition and mineralization is reduced and bone resorption increases [31], while in some other reports a sympathectomy impairs bone resorption [28].
Wei Fan BSc, MSc
Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Faculty of Built Environment & Engineering
Queensland University of Technology